SC GEOSTUD SRL as author, owner and administrator of the website www.geostud.ro, hereinafter referred to as GEOSTUD, respects the privacy and security of personal data processing of each person accessing its website.
This website uses both its own cookies and cookies from third parties, to provide visitors with a much better browsing experience and services tailored to the needs and interests of each.
In accordance with the EU “e-Privacy” Directive, in force since May 26, 2012 and with the provisions of Law no. 506 of November 17, 2004 on the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector, all website visitors are required to consent before sending cookies to their computers.
2. WHAT IS A “COOKIE”
An “Internet Cookie” (also known as a “browser cookie”, “HTTP cookie” or simply “cookie”) is a small file, consisting of letters and numbers, that will be stored on your computer, mobile terminal or other equipment of a user from whom the Internet is accessed. The cookie is installed by request issued by a web server to a browser (eg Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely “passive” (does not contain software, viruses or spyware and can not access the information on the user’s hard drive).
3. PURPOSE AND USE OF COOKIE MODULES
The types of cookies that we collect through the site www.geostud.ro, are the following:
Functional cookies help to create a website, allowing basic functions such as page navigation and access to secure areas of the website. The website cannot function properly without these cookies. It also helps us comply with legal requirements, such as the GDPR.
Marketing cookies are used to track users from one site to another. The intention is to show relevant and engaging ads to individual users, so they are more valuable to advertising agencies and third parties dealing with advertising.
4. ADVANTAGES OF USING COOKIES
A cookie contains information that links a web browser (user) to a specific web server (website). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable services to users: eg online privacy preferences, site language options or relevant advertising.
5. LIFE OF A COOKIE
Cookies are administered by webservers. The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website, while other cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website. (‘persistent cookies’). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time via browser settings.
6. COOKIES USED BY THE SITE www.geostud.ro
This site uses the following categories of cookies:
Essential cookies – help to create a website, allowing basic functions such as page navigation and access to the secure areas of the website. The website cannot function properly without these cookies. It also helps us comply with legal requirements, such as the GDPR.
Remarketing cookies to advertise on other websites to users who have visited www.geostud.ro. Google will display ads on the websites that www.geostud.ro users access, and Facebook will display them on its platforms (Facebook, Messenger, Instagram). These displayed ads are based on a user’s previous visits to the site www.geostud.ro using cookies. If you wish to opt out of the remarketing cookies used by Google, you may choose to stop using Google Marketing Platform cookies by accessing the Google Marketing Platform opt-out page, the Network Advertising Initiative opt-out page, or your Facebook Advertising Preferences.
7. COOKIES PLACED BY THIRD PARTIES
Certain sections of content on some sites may be provided through third parties / providers (eg news-box, video, or advertisement). These third parties may place cookies through another website and they are called “third party cookies” because they are not placed by the owner of that website. Third party providers must also comply with the law in force and the privacy policies of the site owner.
These cookies may come from the following third parties: Facebook, Google Analytics, etc. .
8. THE IMPORTANCE OF INTERNET COOKIES
Cookies are the focal point of the efficient operation of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Refusing or disabling cookies may make some websites impossible to use. Refusing or disabling cookies does not mean that the user will no longer receive online advertising – but only that it will no longer be able to take into account the user’s preferences and interests, highlighted by the browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require a user to authenticate through an account):
-content and services adapted to the user’s preferences – product categories, etc .;
-offers adapted to users’ interests – retention of passwords, language preferences (eg: displaying search results in Romanian);
-retention of child protection filters on Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions);
-measurement, optimization and analytics features – such as: confirmation of a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed and how a user reaches a website (eg through search engines, directly, from other websites etc.). Website owners carry out these analyzes to perfect the websites, for the benefit of the users.
9. SECURITY AND CONFIDENTIALITY ISSUES
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed, nor can they run automatically. As a result, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or replicate. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses. Cookies may, however, be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular website and on other websites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies to be deleted during anti-virus / anti-spyware deletion / scanning procedures. In general, browsers have built-in privacy settings, which provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
10. OTHER SECURITY ASPECTS RELATED TO COOKIES
Because identity protection is very valuable and represents the right of every Internet user, it is advisable to know what possible problems cookies can create.
Because through them, information is constantly transmitted, in both directions, between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the transmission of data, the information contained in the cookie may be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (eg, an unsecured WiFi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve incorrect cookie settings on webservers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information in order to gain unauthorized access to certain sites.
It is very important that users are careful in choosing the most appropriate method of personal information protection.
11. TIPS FOR SAFE AND RESPONSIBLE COOKIE-BASED NAVIGATION
Here are some tips that can ensure that you browse without worry, but with the help of cookies:
if you do not mind cookies and you are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiration dates for storing your browsing history and personal access data;
if you share access to your computer, you can consider adjusting your browser to clear individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is a way to access the websites that place cookies and to delete any visit information, at the end of the browsing session;
install and constantly update your antispyware applications. Many of the spyware detection and prevention applications include site attack detection. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download malicious software;
make sure your browser is always up to date. Many cookie-based attacks are exploited by exploiting the weaknesses of older versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided, if you want to enjoy access to the best and largest sites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they operate and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can surf the Internet with confidence.
12. HOW TO PROCEED IF YOU DO NOT WANT COOKIE MODULES TO BE INSTALLED ON YOUR COMPUTER
There are people for whom the storage of information extracted from their computer or mobile device is relatively invasive, especially when the information in question is stored and used by third parties unknown to them. If you prefer, you can block all cookies or just some of them or even remove cookies that have been installed on your terminal. However, be aware that you may not be able to use certain features. To enable this lock, you must change your browser privacy settings. Some third-party operators have developed tools whose modules enable data collection and use to be disabled. Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain sites impractical or difficult to visit and use. Also, the refusal to accept cookies does not mean that the user will no longer receive / see online advertising. It is possible to set in the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted, or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a certain website. But, for example, if a user is not registered using cookies, they will not be able to leave comments. All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings.
These settings are usually found in the “Options”, “Settings” or “Preferences” menus (buttons) of the browser.
13. DELETING COOKIES
Most browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the “options” or “preferences” menu of your browser.
To understand these settings, the following links may be useful, otherwise you can use the browser’s “help” option for more details.
Cookie setting in Internet Explorer
Cookie settings in Firefox
Cookie settings in Chrome
Cookie settings in Safari
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